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December  2016

Volume 2  Issue 2

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Clinical Research 

A Modified Vitrectomy Technique for Macular Hole-Related Retinal Detachment
Wenyan Peng, Hui Chen*

Macular hole-related retinal detachment (MHRD) is a special type of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) and a common entity in highly myopic eyes. The pathogenesis is considered to be the result of tangential traction from an epiretinal membrane or the inverse traction of the retina unable to expand with the posterior staphyloma. Numerous strategies for surgical management of MHRD have been described from the initial pars plana vitrectomy and gas tamponade to various adjunctive procedures, including epiretinal membrane peeling, internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling, and silicone oil tamponade. However, these surgical procedures do not always result in favorable outcomes.

                                                                               

                                                                                                                                                             Download PDF Full text

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Research Article 
Weight of Children Presenting with Childhood Cataract
Roseline E Duke*, Friday Odey

Nutrition in children is important for physical, mental, cognitive development including visual function. Nutritional disorders from any cause weakens the immune system, making a child susceptible to disease, increasing severity of illness and impeding recovery. Recently nutritional disorders in childhood are suspected to cause systemic and ocular pathologies in adulthood.

                                                                               

                                                                                                                                                             Download PDF Full text

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Survey

Survey on Glaucoma Drainage Device Usage: A United Kingdom Perspective
Tafadzwa Young-Zvandasara, MBBS, Patrick J Chiam, FRCOphth, Vanessa Palmer, BMBS, Andrew Feyi-Waboso*,FRCOphth

Systemic literature review showed that glaucoma drainage devices controls the intraocular pressure (IOP) effectively in glaucoma refractory to trabeculectomy. The use of such devices has been demonstrated to be on an upward trajectory a few years ago. Landmark studies such as the Tube Versus Trabeculectomy (TVT) study found Baerveldt implant had a higher success rate compared to trabeculectomy with mitomycin-C (MMC) when carried out in eyes with previous trabeculectomy, and/or cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation over 5 years.

                                                                               

                                                                                                                                                             Download PDF Full text

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Research Article

ABO and Rhesus Blood Groups and Retinoblastoma
Ouattara Y*, Kouassi-Ndjeundo JE, Koffi KV, Kouassi FX, Bilé PEFK, Diabaté Z, Konan MSMP1, Adjé YA, Sékongo L

Retinoblastoma is a high-malignity tumor in infant and child, genetically determined and developed from immature retinal cells. Indeed, tumor appearance is conditioned by occurrence of two retinoblastoma gene mutations in the RB1 gene, located on the short arm of chromosome 13, with a global incidence estimated at 1/18000 births.

                                                                               

                                                                                                                                                             Download PDF Full text

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Research Article

Prevalence of Manifest Hyperopia among High School Students in a Ghanaian Metropolis: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study
David Ben Kumah*, Dominic Owusu, Eugene Appenteng Osae, Emmanuel Ankamah, Reynolds Kwame Ablordeppey

Hyperopia synonymous to “hypermetropia” and “farsightedness” is an anomalous refractive condition of the eye in which light rays entering the eye converge at a point behind the retina, with accommodation fully relaxed. In other words, images of objects are not brought to a sharp focus on the retina but behind the retina. This invariably leads to blurred vision. In some cases, persons suffering from hyperopia (called “hyperopes”) have a better distance than near visual acuity.

                                                                               

                                                                                                                                                             Download PDF Full text

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Research Article

25 gauge Chandelier Illumination-Assisted Scleral Buckling: A Retrospective Study
Hui Li#, Zhen Zhang#, Xiaoqiang Liu, Hao Wang, Chunlei Xie, Xinrui Gao, Fang Wang*

Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) is the most common retinological emergency which may resulted in blindness without treatment. The treatment strategy on the primary RRD mainly includes Scleral buckling (SB) surgery and pars plana vitrectomy (PPV). Compared with PPV, SB surgery has unique advantages such as reducing the risk of cataract formation, faster visual rehabilitation and decreasing the incidence of proliferative vitreoretinopathy.

                                                                               

                                                                                                                                                             Download PDF Full text

 

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